i think german logo

How to learn German “Artikel”

If you’ve started learning German recently, or are about to start, you might ask yourself how you can learn the “Artikel”.

Don’t worry, almost everyone has the same problem when first learning this language.

Different from most other languages, German actually has 3 articles, and sometimes they have nothing to do with the word itself.

There are some tricks to learning the articles, however, which is why this post will show you how to learn German “Artikel”!

What are the articles?

The articles in German represent the English word “the”. there are 4 articles, but they change forms in the different cases.

We won’t go into the cases, though, that would make it too confusing at first.

When starting out with learning German, it is important to understand the articles in the first case (Nominativ) first and foremost.

Each noun in German has an article and is assigned a gender (masculine, feminine, or neutral). The gender represents which version of the word “the” is used in German.

Der” is used for masculine nouns, “die” for feminine nouns and “das” is used for neutral nouns.

Any noun in the plural form has the article “die“, regardless of gender (eg. der Mann, die Männer – the man, the men)

Another important thing to note is that the gender of a noun refers to the word, not the person/object/thing that the word describes, which can be confusing, as it makes it hard to use logic when looking for articles. As an example, man has a masculine article, which seems to make sense.

The word woman has a feminine article – also seems quite logical. However, the word girl has a neutral article – so there really isn’t any logic behind it!

Also, words that technically have the same meaning can have different articles. The word “sofa” for example, has the article “das“, while the word “couch” has a feminine article (“die“).


Before you completely despair, there are some general indicators that will help you find the right gender.

There might be some exceptions to these rules, but generally, you can guess the gender of a noun based on how the word ends. 


Nouns that end in -or, -ling, -ner, -ig, or -smus are generally masculine and have the article “der“.

Some examples would be der Frühling, der Generator, der Linguismus, der Honig.

Furthermore, the following words are almost always masculine:

  • Directions like north, south, … (der Norden,…)
  • Days, months, and seasons
  • brands of cars or trains like der Mercedes


Nouns that end with -ung, -ei, -keit, -ie, -heit, -schaft, -keit, -tät, -ik, or -tion, there is a good chance that the article is feminine (“die“).

For example, die Gesellschaft, die Aktion, die Zeitung, die Tätigkeit, die Bäckerei, die Musik. 

The following words are usually feminine:

  • numbers (die Eins, die Zwei,…)
  • brands or names of ships, motorbikes of aircraft (die Titanic, die Honda, die Boeing)


Indicators that a noun may be neutral, and needs “das” are if it ends with -chen, -lein, -ment, -tum, -ma, or -um. Examples of neutral words would be das Mädchen, das Momentum, das Museum, das Tischlein. 

These words are also usually neutral:

  • colors used as nouns (das Rot, das Gelb,…)
  • most terms related to technology, mechanics, and science

If you take a little bit of time to memorize these endings and the according articles, you will have a much easier time learning the German articles!

Principles with people, animals, and occupations

I mentioned above that generally, the articles may not be the most logical (like das Mädchen, for example). However, there are some general principles when talking about people, animals, and occupations. 

Male living things like a man (der Mann), a rooster (der Hahn), a father (der Vater), etc are generally masculine in German, as well.

The same thing applies to female living things. The exception with das Mädchen for example, is mostly due to the rule that I mentioned above, that the word ends with -chen.

When talking about professions, the same general principles apply. Female versions of occupations usually have -in added at the end.

For example, der Polizist is a male police officer, while die Polizistin would be a female police officer.

More tips for learning der, die and das

Another tip that I can wholeheartedly recommend, is that you start learning the articles right away. Don’t postpone it, because that will just make it that much harder.

Take some time to internalize the indicators and principles mentioned in this article before starting your journey of learning German.

Then, make sure that whenever you learn a new noun as a vocabulary, you will immediately learn the according article with it. 

What seems like a hassle will actually save you so much time further down the line!

You are already studying, and by immediately learning the article with it, you will have way fewer problems once the language gets more complicated with all the different cases.

Another great tip for learning the articles is categorizing the words into colors. This is actually how kids in Germany and Austria learn the concept of genders – masculine nouns are written in blue, feminine words in red, and neutral words are displayed in green.

Depending on which learning type you have, color-coding your vocabulary can really facilitate the learning process for your brain!


Don’t give up!

Even though it can be tough at first, the articles are no reason to despair when learning German! With the right approach and technique, it can actually be quite simple!

The biggest takeaway of this article is probably START EARLY. The earlier you start with memorizing the right articles, the easier the rest of the language will be.

These tips should help you out when trying to master the articles, especially as most words follow the general principles.

And if you are really at a loss of which article to use, guessing will at least give you a 33% chance of being right 😉

Good luck!

Related Posts

Babbel vs Duolingo: differences

Numerous individuals use software and apps to learn new languages. These days, two well-known online resources for language learning include Babbel and Duolingo. They both

Babbel German review

Do you want to know the Babbel German review covering each crucial feature? Many people turn to Babbel when they want to learn German. Because Babbel

The best German Crash Courses

Are you planning on moving to Germany soon? Perhaps you just want to expand your knowledge of different cultures. Whatever your reasons may be, taking

5 Incredible German courses online

Are you looking for an easier and more accessible way of learning German? In this post, I’ll share 5 incredible German courses online for learning

Basic German words for beginners

Do you want to learn German but aren’t sure where to start? You can start speaking German right away by learning and combining the basic

Basic German lessons for beginners

Basic German language lessons can help beginners. Learning with an instructor allows you to gain confidence in public speaking and improve your pronunciation. Let’s go

Learn German Online: 5 Wonderful Ways

Are you a German learner who is struggling to find effective ways to master the language? Learn German online and find wonderful ways to study

Beginner German Tips

If you’re just learning German, you’ll find some advice in this article. Learning German is challenging and hard. We’ll discuss the advantages of learning this

Why learn German?

Are you working with a German company? Or are you conversing with your friend in German? Whatever the reason is, you must know the reasons

Is German more complicated than English?

It might be challenging to learn a new language. It’s complexity depends on many factors. Is German more complicated than English? Is German more complicated

Is German Easy to Learn?

How great would it be to travel to Germany and interact with locals? Do you want to learn their language? Is German easy to learn?

Is German the most beautiful Language?

There is nothing more unique than the German language. Does this imply that German is the most beautiful language in the world? What makes German

Learn German with Anja: a quick review

Introducing German to absolute beginners can be easy if you have a German online tutor that can give both audio lessons and video resources easily.

How did you learn German?

 Have you tried learning German through a language school? Were you learning German grammar by yourself? How about learning German because of your German business

Learn German culture

You’ve just discovered how to learn German effectively online. But you want to immerse yourself in this foreign language even further. The fastest way to

Should you learn German for business?

When expanding your business, it isn’t rare for entrepreneurs to start learning a language for business matters. In fact, business sometimes requires you to mingle

Learn German at Goethe Institut

If you’ve chosen to learn German but don’t have any idea where to look, it’s best to find a prestigious German language school. Signing up

Learn German in one week

So you’re thinking, is it only advanced learners that can study German in a week? What about you, who is a beginner at learning German?

BBC Languages learn German review

A foreign language learner must know how to utilize available tools online as necessary. BBC Languages may have been outdated, but it still works as

How to learn German through games

In our daily life, we always need to discover interactive lessons that help us develop as humans. Linguistic development on that note needs an educational

Learn German in an online university

If you’re serious and want to take a step further and learn at a university, there are study opportunities that you can take German language

Easy books to learn German

 German grammar is not really hard to learn when you have wonderful books to guide you. German language learners should plan per day to read

Deutsche Welle learn German podcast

Business German is such an old-school type of learning. Though you shouldn’t stop at this level if you want to become fluent in the German

Can you learn German in 6 months?

How possible is it to learn German in less than a year? Can you learn German in 6 months? Here’s what you might find while

What you’ll learn in German in 1 hour

Do you have a busy work schedule and don’t have time to learn a language? Don’t fret, here’s another motivational post you’ll apply when you

Is it worth it to learn German?

There are many popular language classes that focus on European countries. So, you might have heard from your friends why it is a big deal

Learn German grammar through YouTube

Youtube has lots of content and videos to watch that you can instantly find something interesting. But, should you invest more time learning German grammar

How long does it take to learn German?

Generally, people learn a language for at least 2-3 years for a near-native mastery. But, it all depends on many factors such as motivation and

Ten reasons to learn German

What are the benefits of learning German? German is the way to go if you want to impress your friends or family with a new

Learn German with videos for free

German language courses are usually behind a paywall and many who don’t have the means to pay struggle with finding free language lessons. Consistent practice

Learn German Sign Language

Are you a German speaker interested in learning German sign language? This article will show you where and how to start, as well as what

Learning German or Chinese?

Do you want to learn a new language? Are you not sure if it should be German or Chinese? Well, we have gathered some facts

How to learn German “Artikel”

If you’ve started learning German recently, or are about to start, you might ask yourself how you can learn the “Artikel”. Don’t worry, almost everyone

How to learn German words fast

No matter which language you are learning, vocabulary is a predominant part of what you will have to study. German is no exception to the rule,

Learn German through Skype

Video chat programs such as Skype, Zoom, Facetime, etc. have gained popularity throughout this whole pandemic. And not without reason – it is unbelievably useful